Alicante facts


Alicante is a coastal city located to the southeast of Spain. It is the capital of the Province of Alicante and is also part of the Valencian community. Alicante is also home to well over 300,000 inhabitants in the main city and more than double that number when all surrounding areas and satellite towns are considered as well. This has led Alicante to become not just the second-largest city of the Valencian community, but also the eight-largest one in the whole Spanish country.

Language, Potential and City Life in Alicante

The main spoken language in Alicante is Spanish, which is the official national tongue, although other languages are spoken on other provinces of Spain by certain minorities. The city is also becoming one of the fastest growing in this European country, as its economy’s main source of income relies heavily on tourism, which is increasing at amazing rates every year.

The city is also one of the most stylish in Spain, due mainly to the perfect combination of its beautiful beaches, exceptional shopping experience, deep cultural roots and humming nightlife, all of which have completely reshaped the city’s image in the last decades and which keeps drawing more tourists to this sunny corner of Spain.


The region of Alicante has been inhabited since around the year 5000 BC. Between that period and the year 3000 BC, the first hunters and gatherers that moved to the area started the first settlements, but evidence of this is too sparse to pinpoint an exact location where most of these should have converged.

After that, around the year 1000 BC, both Phoenician and Greek merchants started to visit the area for commercial purposes, and thus, played a vital role in the introduction of the alphabet, of iron and also of the pottery wheel. But it wasn’t until the year 600 BC that the Alicante area saw its first settlement with Akra Leuke, a fortified village that was founded by the famous General Amilcar at that time.

Then, around 500 AD, the region of Alicante suffered the Arab occupation, which greatly influenced the architecture of the area while at the same time bringing new fruits and cereals previously unknown in the region. But it wasn’t until the year 1246 that Alicante fell under the rule of King Alfonse X, who started the dominion of Spain over the region.

Three centuries after that, around the year 1700, Alicante was already established as such when it suffered the War of Spanish Succession that ended with the new ruler of Spain, Felipe, withdrawing many of the privileges that Alicante had since the time of the Moors. This measure brought about a slow, but steady decline that lasted until the 20th century was well underway. But in the following years Alicante gained mayor importance as a port city and (with the exception of three and half decades under the rule of the dictator Franco) the city has kept growing considerably fast, and has become one of the major exporters of fruit and salt in Spain, as well as garnering tremendous interest from tourists all over, who everyday learn and discover the many things that Alicante has to offer.


The weather in Alicante is among the best of not just Spain, but of the whole Europe, and is one of the “hidden gems” of the city, since it is mild and very stable, giving tourists one less thing to worry about when they visit Alicante. Costa Blanca in particular averages around 2800 hours of sunshine every year, which is far more than other top European destinations.

On top of that, the average temperature every year in Alicante is of 19.3ºC, which makes both Costa Blanca and Alicante ideal places to visit (or live) all year round. And even on any of the just 20 days a year (usually in winter) that Alicante experiences some rain, the temperature stays at a nice 16ºC.

This excellent weather is possible thanks to the privileged location of Alicante, which sits between a series of small hills to the north and a warm and beautiful coastline to the south and southeast, making fresh and warm breezes the norm 365 days a year.